Tips for tutoring ADHD Children
A child who has Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may find it difficult to concentrate while studying or doing homework. This can affect the child’s grades and lead to low self-esteem. Those who work with educating children with ADHD can help them be successful in school, by trying out some of these handy tips:
Tailor your tutoring
Children who have ADHD require different kind of tutoring than non-ADHDkids. It is important to play to their strengths and tailor your tutoring sessions accordingly. Ask questions to figure out the child’s individual learning style and help them through it. For example, if the child prefers to learn orally rather than writing everything down, try to have a structured discussion. Some children might be visual learners so pictures can help them to retain what they’re studying.
Address motivational issues
When working with ADHD children, most tutors are likely to face motivational problems. Over a period of time, children figure out that they can use their disability as an excuse for not doing their work. This is known as learned helplessness. It is important for tutors to be aware of this and tackle it accordingly. Motivational and organizational tactics can help ADHD children succeed better.
Take breaks between studies
ADHD children find it difficult to sit in one place for a long period of time. Therefore, it is important to take breaks and study in small chunks. Try to divide big subjects into manageable mini lessons which the child can manage easily. Giving breaks of 10 to 15 minutes between each session gives the child an option to move around and relax.
Incentives can help an ADHD child to stay focused and study more effectively. Try and build rewards into the lesson. For example, if you’re working on two- or three- dimensional shapes, offer a reward of building something with the shapes at the end of the lesson. Use whatever the child can manipulate for creative purposes and suggest learning-centered rewards.
Identify their passions
Find out what the child is passionate about. Do they love science, arts, music? Try to incorporate these interests into the subjects and into your incentive system. For example, if the child loves playing basketball, find a way to practice math equations while playing basketball.
Tutoring an ADHD child can be challenging, but with these tips, educators can ensure that kids develop skills to become self-director learners.